1 Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Dental Research Center of Medical Sciences /Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran



This article describes various aspects of risks and complications, commonly encountered in orthodontic treatment as a result of its materials, and also describes ways to minimize them in the course of orthodontic treatment. Although, like many other treatments, it has fundamental risks and complications. Thus, it is important to control the risks during and after orthodontic treatment (IJO 2006;1:198-202).