Initial Screening

Immediately after submission, the Journal’s managing editor will perform an initial check to assess:

    • Overall suitability of the manuscript to the Journal,
    • Manuscript adherence to high-quality research and ethical standards.

            In case of non-adherance to the IJO manuscript style, the manuscript will be sent to the author(s) for revision and resubmission. 

The Editor-in-Chief (EIC) will be notified of the submissions and invited to perform a check and recommend reviewers. The EIC also decides to continue with a double blind peer-review process and reject or accept a manuscript. At least three review reports from three external peer reviewers are collected for each submitted article. 

Authors can recommend potential reviewers. Journal staff ensure that there are no potential conflicts of interest and will not consider those with competing interests. For the review of a revised manuscript, reviewers are asked to provide their report within two weeks. Extensions can also be granted on request.

Editor's Decision

In cases where minor or major revisions are recommended, the EIC will request that the author revise the paper. In cases of conflicting review reports, or where there is more than one recommendation for rejection, the EIC will reject the manuscript.

Acceptance of the manuscript will be taken by the EIC after point by point correction based on the reviewers' comments. 


Iranian Journal of Orthodontics’ in-house team prepares all accepted manuscripts, including language editing, plagiarism, reference check, and conversion to XML. Language editing is done by a professional native English editor. For detection of plagiarism, this journal uses the iThenticate software after English editing. iThenticate is an industry-standard software for plagiarism detection. If the plagiarism score is high, the manuscript is returned to the author for revision.

Publication Ethics

The IJO follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), including following its Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing. For more information on the journal's guidelines regarding publication ethics please visit


Peer Review Process