Assistant Professor, Orthodontic Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences(Tums), Dental Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences(DRC-TUMS)



Aim: Several bracket characteristics are now in market. Preformed archwires are used without frequent need to add bends. V-bends are used in many situations. This bend as a basic maneuver is assessed thoroughly in this study.
Materials and Methods: Finite Element Method (FEM) was selected to analyze the situation. A 3D model of two maxillary central incisors with their supporting structures and an archwire were modeled. A V-bend in different positions relative to the teeth was defined. Forces produced were monitored.
Results: Center V-bend (a/L=1/2) produced two moments in opposite direction. Moving towards one tooth added vertical forces in opposite direction. At a/L ˜˷115, intrusive movement was noticed; while signs of intrusion and change in angulation was detected at 1/10< a/L<1/5. When a/L reached 0.42/6.408 same direction of moments were shown.
Conclusion: V-bend force system is quite sensitive to its position.