Background: The forensic anthropologists have been vastly studied the dimorphism in teeth, hair, pelvis, skull and in bone sizes.
Objectives: To investigate the gender dimorphic potential of cephalometric parameters.
Materials and Methods: Thirteen angular and twenty-one linear lateral cephalometric measurements were analyzed on randomly selected manual tracings of sixty-nine male and sixty-nine female cephalograms between the ages twenty to fifty years.
Results: 91.3% males correctly classified in the data, on the basis of discriminant function we made, similarly, 97.1% females were correctly classified in their specific group by the help of this discriminant function. The percentage of skulls correctly classified with this function was 94.2%.
Conclusions: 94.2% of original grouped cases correctly classified. For higher results extensive research with large sample size and both linear and angular cranial dimorphic traits for gender identification is proposed.