1 Orthodontic Department, Dental Faculty, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
2 Orthodontic Department, Dental Faculty, International Branch, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Context: In recent years, lasers have numerous applications in orthodontics as an important field of dentistry. The purpose of this article is to review some of the major applications of laser in the field of soft tissue management in orthodontics.
Evidence Acquisition: No single laser wavelength can be used to optimally treat all dental diseases. However, the needs of the orthodontic clinician are unique and selection of the most appropriate laser for orthodontic applications is essential to achieve optimal results.
Results: Light emitted from diode lasers is poorly absorbed by dental hard tissues, these lasers can be safely used for soft tissue surgery applications, including gingival recontouring, crown lengthening, removal of hypertrophic tissue and frenectomies close to the enamel, dentine and cement. Considering beam safety, most of the lasers used for medical and dental purposes are in the Class IV category, so it is necessary to take appropriate safety measures.
Conclusions: In the near future, with the clarification of laser exposure protocols and a decrease in device cost and, Dental lasers may play an increasingly important role in soft tissue management during orthodontic treatment.