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Orthodontics
Effect of Er: YAG Laser Enamel-etching and Sandblasting on the Bond Strength of Fixed Lingual Retainers

Mahdjoube Goldani Moghadam; Hanieh Kazemi; Mohadese Bani Asadi

Volume 17, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 1-9

https://doi.org/10.22034/ijo.2022.549945.1050

Abstract
  Aim: This study aims to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of different combinations of retainer wires and enamel preparation methods.Methods: A total of 180 extracted mandibular bovine incisors were randomly divided into nine groups of 20 paired teeth each. Three techniques were employed to prepare ...  Read More